Wool Fabrics • Wool Yarn • Designer Fabric
Wool has the most absorbent fibers of all fabrics. Wool fabrics can absorb up to 30% of their weight without feeling heavy or damp. Cotton fabrics begins to feel damp after 15% of their weight gets wet. The absorbent fibers "breathe" by wicking away moisture from the body and releasing it into the air. This quality makes wool fabrics comfortable to wear in warm and cold weather.
Wool's natural insulating quality and its ability to shed water results in a fabric that keeps the body warm even in the rain.
Wool fabrics clean easily because dirt sits on the surface of the fiber. The outside surface of the wool fiber consists of a series of overlapping scales, similar to the feathers on a bird, making it easy to brush off and for stains to lift out of it.
Wool fabric doesn't collect much static because of its absorbent fibers. Static attracts lint, dirt, and dust.
Wool fabrics resist wrinkles. Wool has a natural crimp making it the most resilient fiber. You can count on wool to keep its shape.
Wool fabrics are durable. Properly cared for, they will last a very long time, making wool fabrics a good investment. Wool fabrics resist tearing and can bend back on themselves 20,000 times without breaking. Cotton breaks after 3,200 bends, silk after 1,800 bends and rayon after 75!
When wool fabrics are dyed, the dye reaches to the core of the fiber and bonds permanently. Almost any color and dye can be used.
Science has tried but, so far, has not succeeded in producing a fiber with all of the qualities of the natural wool fiber.
Wool fabrics are naturally flame-retardant. Wool fiber that is set on fire will extinguish itself when the flame is removed. That's why safety guidelines recommend smothering a small fire with a wool blanket or using a wool blanket for protection when escaping a larger fire.
Wool fabrics are easy to sew.
Limitations of Wool Fabrics
Moths find wool fabrics extremely tasty. They will eat through other types of fabric and sometimes even plastic to get to it.
Never, never bleach wool fabrics! A small amount of bleach on wool will make its fibers stiff and yellow. Large amounts will dissolve the fiber.
Never put wool clothing in the dryer! The combination of heat, friction and pressure will cause shrinkage
The strong alkalis found in laundry soaps and detergents cause wool fibers to lose their soft luster; always use a mild detergent.
Wool fabrics can be damaged by excessive and direct heat. Always use steam when pressing wool.
Obviously wool's benefits outweigh its drawbacks!